27 medium-sized power grid companies in the world

2022-08-19
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Under the challenges of energy transformation, 27 medium-sized power companies around the world have to deal with it. The International Energy Agency recently released a relevant report that in 2020, affected by the epidemic around the world, although the global power demand will decline by 5% throughout the year, the demand for renewable energy will still increase by 1%, indicating that China is still in the process of industrialization, informatization, urbanization, marketization Internationalization is deeply rooted in the firm determination of energy transformation in the development stage. According to the analysis of the world economic forum, the COVID-19 has forced all walks of life to take rapid action to cope with operational disruptions, demand changes and new working methods; At the same time, regional government departments also take this opportunity to focus on energy transformation policies, increase relevant inputs, establish an inclusive and sustainable energy system, and promote the rapid transformation to clean and efficient energy

however, due to the influence of factors such as scale and technology, small and medium-sized power companies are facing many difficulties and challenges in the face of the ongoing energy transformation. What profound changes will this energy transformation bring to the power industry? What digital strategies should small and medium-sized power companies adopt to cope with energy transformation? Schneider Electric conducted in-depth interviews with 27 medium-sized power companies around the world (belonging to the United States, Australia, Germany, Austria, Denmark, Sweden, France, Turkey, Italy and other countries), investigated the impact of energy transformation and the response of power companies to energy transformation, and published the white paper report "how medium-sized power companies face disruption: challenges and strategies" (hereinafter referred to as the report)

difficult transformation: six key challenges

among many challenges, ensuring reliable power supply is still the most concerned issue of distribution companies. In the report, the power companies interviewed said that the main objectives of their operations were to improve power reliability, including reducing outage time, improving outage fault location and accelerating outage recovery. Improving the system average outage time index (saidI) and the system average outage frequency index (SAIFI) has always been an important part of the reliability mission of the distribution company, and it is also the main performance evaluation index of many regional regulators

at the same time, the power industry also considers how to deal with the new trends in energy transformation, such as renewable energy and distributed energy. With the rise of new energy and the change of power production and consumption scenarios, distribution companies around the world are aware of the need to focus more on localized, miniaturized and decentralized energy production and distribution. The introduction of renewable energy and distributed energy into the energy mix and scientific management are essential to improve energy efficiency. Small and medium-sized distribution companies are also very limited in the promotion and deployment of smart meters because they can't afford the huge investment in data modeling and analysis

with the rapid increase of connected equipment and the development of IOT, the global power industry is increasingly worried about network security. In China, comprehensively improving the ability of network security planning has been written into the outline of the 14th five year plan, and preventing large-scale power outages caused by network attacks has also become a major topic in relevant planning

in addition, for the operation and development of power enterprises, how to improve the investment decision-making process, optimize the operation cost and budget, attract and cultivate talents has also become a concern of the whole industry in the context of energy transformation, which together constitute the six major challenges of medium-sized distribution companies in the period of energy transformation. In the process of global energy transformation, new ideas and technologies continue to emerge, and local policies, regulations and regulatory frameworks are also constantly adjusted. How to balance the total expenditure between capital expenditure and operating expenditure, and effectively attract and cultivate new power talents, the report provides some ideas through actual cases

follow the trend: four point operation strategy

in recent years, the number of mergers and acquisitions of global power companies has increased sharply. The huge pressure to cut costs, ensure the quality of power supply and improve efficiency has led to an increasing number of mergers, collaboration and joint ventures in the power industry. The power companies interviewed in the report believe that resource pooling has become more and more necessary and common. At present, they are looking for joint ventures in specific fields (such as smart meters and special software), and are willing to purchase appropriate solutions, hoping to achieve 1.5875mm resource pooling, so as to achieve scale effect, improve power supply reliability and improve quality performance. One of the companies interviewed was formed by the merger of the two companies three years ago, and improved its operational efficiency by integrating the former company's customer information, call system and enterprise resource planning (ERP) system

regulators in some regions also believe that resource pooling is the general trend, and are actively promoting industry integration. Taking Denmark as an example, Danish regulators evaluate and compare different power companies based on saidI and SAIFI, requiring power companies to reduce operating expenditure and capital expenditure, improve power quality, and improve cost efficiency, and promote the corresponding merger or even closure of power companies according to the evaluation. It is estimated that in 10 years, there will be only a few electricity companies in Denmark

with the development of smart electricity, especially distributed energy, the visibility of electricity has been continuously emphasized. It is very important to predict electrical behavior and effectively manage power quality. For example, the use of PV in Australia is growing rapidly. However, the local distribution company said that at present, the medium voltage (MV)/low voltage (LV) power lacks the necessary visibility, which leads to its inability to properly manage PV integration and demand response. It can only operate completely passively and has no way to understand the remaining host capacity

enhancing the automation level of the system can effectively improve the electrical visibility. A household appliance company in California, USA, said that the automation level of its substation is not high. At present, it lacks visibility and the distribution of data points is very scattered. The team is strengthening its automation system, hoping to use automation to improve efficiency and visibility, solve corresponding needs, and take further measures according to the satisfaction of needs

smart meters also play an important role in improving visibility. An Austrian respondent company said that power companies need to improve the visibility and automation of low-voltage electricity by introducing smart meters and remote control of transformers and pole mounted substations to adapt to renewable energy integration. It should be noted that in some regions, such as New Zealand, the relevant privacy policy stipulates that the data collected by power retail companies using smart meters cannot be shared with distribution companies, so distribution companies cannot use the data of smart meters to optimize power operations. Therefore, when power enterprises use smart meters to improve visibility, they need to fully consider and strictly comply with local regulatory policies

network security is a major focus in the energy field in recent years. IOT, smart meters and other technologies have greatly promoted the development of power companies, enabling power companies to achieve better management and control, higher efficiency and reliability. However, the huge number of connected devices and the digitalization of operation also make distribution companies vulnerable to network attacks; Although using consumer data (including consumer data collected by smart infrastructure such as smart meters) can enable distribution companies to deeply understand user behavior and further improve energy efficiency management, there is also a risk that data may be abused

power companies need to constantly expand and improve their network security strategies under the legal framework, so as to reduce network security threats and protect the privacy and reputation of companies and customers. In the research report, some interviewed power companies are considering outsourcing network security functions or transferring data to the cloud. At present, they are carefully evaluating the security risks that this method brings to power enterprises; The power company from the United States, which has functions of low cycle load cycle, deformation cycle and displacement cycle, said that its team is continuously improving the way it obtains, stores and uses data; Another Australian power company claimed that the company was actively taking measures to ensure the safety of transactions between power producers and consumers and electricity

power business bundling generally refers to the overall operation combination service of power generation, transmission, distribution and retail business. In the bundled market, power companies pay more attention to customer participation. By enhancing customer participation, we can not only improve the overall experience of customers, but also reduce the operating costs of distribution companies

on the one hand, power enterprises can have an in-depth understanding of customers' energy use through smart meters and other advanced analysis tools, and then understand which quotations are more attractive and improve the relevant sectors of power operation. An Australian distribution company is developing an advanced distribution management system (ADMS) to help enhance customer engagement. The company believes that the power industry is still in the exploratory stage in terms of customer participation and needs to further study customer decision-making and behavior; At the same time, the company also discussed how to provide a solution that allows customers to weigh decisions

on the other hand, in order to improve customer participation, many power companies are actively developing systems or apps that include power failure notification, chat functions, self-service tools and other services. An Austrian household appliance company is trying to expand the use of services including chat robots, and plans to increase investment in local customer service centers to enhance customer intimacy. In addition, each distribution company has different methods to improve customer participation, including establishing an independent customer participation department, formulating feed in tariffs and implementing incentive plans

actively respond to energy transformation and explore the road with Chinese characteristics

power enterprises around the world are actively seeking innovative methods to use digitalization and new technologies to drive enterprise opportunities, provide business value, manage security threats, actively respond to energy transformation and achieve a sustainable implementation of the material accreditation system in the future. In China, the power industry not only shows similar industry commonalities, but also has different characteristics and patterns. China's current round of power system reform has entered a deep-water period. Accelerating the reform of incremental distribution business has become an important direction to improve the efficiency of power business. However, due to the lack of technical precipitation, unclear self positioning, and imperfect distribution price mechanism and other internal and external problems, China's small and medium-sized distribution enterprises are still facing huge costs and operating pressures

according to the report, power enterprises need to have the technological concept of continuous innovation, comply with the digital transformation of energy, further improve the level of energy efficiency management, and promote the development of electric automation, informatization, digitization and intelligence. At the same time, in the actual operation process, distribution enterprises need more intelligent operation strategies, combined with the specific conditions of different regions and their own resource conditions, have insight into the changes in the power market and capture new business opportunities, and constantly optimize and adjust the operation mode, organizational structure, customer service and other aspects to enhance the core competitiveness of enterprises

2021 will usher in the first year of the 14th five year plan. China's economy will enter a critical period of high-quality development and transformation from a period of high-speed growth. The transformation and upgrading of the national energy industry will also enter a critical stage of comprehensively deepening reform. At the important node of comprehensively deepening energy transformation at present, as an expert in digital transformation in the field of global energy management and automation, Schneider Electric will always be committed to providing innovative technologies and products, helping the efficient and sustainable development of China's power energy industry, and working with all participants to implement a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient modern energy system

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